All of you might have heard of the words ‘Paris Climate Agreement’ being thrown around in the news off late. What is it and what does it mean to us? I did some digging around and here’s what I have learnt.
For the first time in history 195 countries came together to universally agree on a binding global climate agreement in Paris, at the end of 2015. Global warming has tremendous global effects (which is a whole another topic for a future blog post) and this deal aims to address this issue.
Governments have agreed on four key points:
- Keep the global temperature increase to less than 2°C above pre industrial levels-1800s (in 2015 we were 1.5°C above the levels in 1800s)
- Aim at 1.5°C to limit the effects of climate change even further
- Global emissions to peak as soon as possible, considering it will take developing nations more time (a year when emissions start to reduce compared to previous year)
- To take actions to reduce thereafter using the best available information (research and science shared)
However, there are a few predetermined conditions for this deal to come into place. The agreement comes into place when 55 parties accounting for at least 55% of the global greenhouse gas emissions have formally ratified the deal.
India celebrated Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday on October 2nd by formally ratifying the Paris Climate deal. The current deal includes nations with 51.9% of global greenhouse gas emissions (criteria is 55%), even though the 55 country criteria has been met. 62 countries have signed on to take action against climate change as of today, the 3rd of October 2016.
While there are a lot of technicalities involved in the agreement, with big countries like the United States, China and India along with other nations taking the forefront to fight climate change, things can only get better. With time I hope to see the agreement enforced and see strong efforts and collaboration between nations to ensure global warming is mitigated.
Find out more: UNFCC website